With the growth of foreign trade in 1754 in Russia, the first cross-border route. Protecting the border by the customs and civilian obezdchikami dragunskimi shelves scattered throughout outpost. After 28 years in 1782 a decree of Empress Catherine II established Institute customs chain and guards for the protection of borders and border controls.
1918, when Russia Narkomate Finance created the General Directorate of Border Guard, in 1920 the responsibility for protecting the borders of the RSFSR passed Special Branch Г·ГѕГ«. 1922 border passes to the OGPU, NKVD and then the Soviet Union. At the Border Guard at the time attributed the fight against smuggling and violations of the border.
In 1957, created the General Directorate of Border Troops KGB, in 1993 - FBS - Glavkomat in 2003 - the Border Service, with Russia's FSB. Onovnymi purpose of the Border Service of Russia are the protection of state borders, combating organized crime, smuggling, illegal migration, illicit trafficking of arms, ammunition, explosive, poisonous and radioactive substances, narcotics and psychotropic substances. The boundary of Russia today - is a system of modern fencing, sensors and cameras. In arming the Border Service of Russia are modern weapons, military, automotive and special equipment. By 2009, the border guards in full switch to the contract, which will serve as a professional.
By tradition, the Day of border guards, all served in pogranvoyskah put on the form, the green furazhku and gather in parks. Another tradition of celebrating the Day of the border guard - bathing in the fountains.
On this day, produced fireworks in cities and heroes in the cities, where the administration of border districts and the Border Troops. By the 90 th anniversary of the Border Service Commission to award the public awards and memorable characters created public Jubilee Medal "90 years, the Border Service."