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Greenpeace Russia: the environmental consequences of the disaster in the Black Sea are substantial.

Strongest over the past 30 years, a storm that began in the Black Sea on the last weekend - not the only reason for the collapse of the ships, said experts of Greenpeace Russia, commenting on the causes of the disaster in the Kerch Strait.

According to IA REGNUM, the press service of the environmental organization, the underlying causes of the disaster in the Kerch Strait, as well as new data about the environmental impact of the oil spill released environmentalists at a press conference held today, November 14.

As the head of Greenpeace Russia toxic Aleksei Kiselev, tanker Volgoneft -139, through the loss of which a large number of petroleum products resulted in the sea, was simply unable to withstand such a storm.

"It was very dilapidated vessel class river-sea, he has almost no chance to overcome shestibalny storm - said Kiselev.

Another ship - Volgoneft-123, miraculously survived from the crash in the storms, according to Kiselyov, in accordance with the Paris Memorandum - special arrangement for the control of foreign vessels by port States - the number in 2004 as "nonexistent."

In addition, according to Kiselyov, it has not been immune to the oil spill. "So, if the tanker just died, and transported them to become a fuel oil into the sea, the damage there, it would be easy to recover," - noted environmentalists.

Both vessels are owned by Volgotanker.

According to Greenpeace Russia, the company in 2005, is in a permanent state of bankruptcy, all its profits go to pay debts.

According to Greenpeace Russia, apparently so the company saves on the quality of transport and maintenance of their vessels. " Exactly the tankers used to transport oil and inland waters of Russia. In some large water bodies such as the Saratov Reservoir or Lake Ladoga, not excluding natural disasters and storms. These water bodies - the sources of drinking water supply in major Russian cities and the oil pollution will pose a threat to millions of people.

"The environmental consequences of the disaster in the Black Sea are substantial and can not be eliminated sooner than five years - believed environmentalists.

At present, oil pollution has destroyed places of wintering migratory birds, and parking lots, including rare and endangered species.

Oil remaining in the water can greatly reduce the number of fish and affect its reproduction. "

In this region, where fishing, one of the major sources of income of the local population, a reduction of fishing may cause social unrest, say environmentalists. They also believe that in addition, oil contamination threatens the largest resort regions - Krasnodar Krai in Russia and the Crimean peninsula in Ukraine. Loss of reducing the flow of tourists to these regions can be very high.

In addition, according to environmentalists, this disaster shows that today, to reverse the effects of oil spills at sea is almost impossible. This is a very important fact, given the extensive plans for the Russian government to develop new oil fields in the Caspian Sea, offshore Sakhalin Island and the Kamchatka Peninsula in the Arctic shelf. "The major leaks, and very likely in the mining and transportation of oil," - considered by representatives of Greenpeace Russia.

In this connection, Greenpeace launched a series of requirements.

Among them: the Russian authorities to ensure the elimination of the effects of the oil spill in full, both at sea and on land, transport and termination of Russia in oil production in environmentally sensitive areas, such as the Arctic, Kamchatka and Sakhalin Island; ratification and the fulfillment of Russia, as one of the largest suppliers of oil to the world market, the requirements of the Convention to combat oil pollution at sea (OPRC) and its Protocols, the Convention on Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution (Bunker Convention) and other applicable instruments in the framework of the International Maritime Organization (IMO).

addition, environmentalists demand that the Russian legislation on the transportation of oil, both for domestic needs and for export, has been revised and brought into line with international standards.

Environmentalists also advocate for the tankers destined for river transport are not used to the sea, and all ship-owning companies were properly insured.

"At 40% of the world's oceans should be protected areas, which should be banned fishing, extraction of gas and oil.

In some particularly sensitive areas should also be banned transportation of oil, "- calls for Greenpeace Russia.

As IA REGNUM, 11 November, in the vicinity of the Kerch Gulf as a result of storm winds (up to 32 m / s) and sea (6 -- 7 points, the height of 5 meters) sank four vessels (dry "Volnogirsk, Nakhichevan, Kovel, Hach Ismail" (Georgia), two tankers ( "Volgoneft-139, Volgoneft-123 were damaged, with anchors were frustrated and sat on the grounding of six ships. On board the tanker Volgoneft-139 "is 4077 tons of fuel oil, about 1200 tons of petroleum products has resulted in the sea.

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